A whole-farm framework
The GFM framework allows farmers to identify key areas where impact occurs, and where sustainable practices can be implemented.
Created and tested by farmers, it is practical and feasible to use and can be applied to all farming systems and landscapes.
An indication of the health and wellbeing of the people working on and associated with the farm
Health and wellbeing of workers:
Physical (accidents and near misses) and emotional health of workers and creation of a supportive and inclusive environment.
Training and capacity building:
The training and capacity development of workers on the farm.
The workers on the farm, gender and ethnic diversity, nature of farm contracts, working conditions and meaningful livelihoods.
Indicates the abundance and diversity of natural life on the whole farm.
Captures the diversity of crops and livestock on the farm (managed).
Captures the diversity of wildlife, plants and fungi on the farm.
An indication of the habitat diversity on-farm as a driver of animal and plant biodiversity.
Plant & Crop Health
Identifies crop cultivation practices on the farm.
Indicates the health of the cropping system in terms of rotation practices for all farmed crops (food and non food).
Pest and disease control:
Indicates the use of pesticides, herbicides and fungicides and methods of pest and disease management.
Indicates the resilience of the cropping system.
Identifies the livestock management practices and impact on animal welfare.
Reflects livestock housing, feeding and inspection practices.
Health and welfare:
An indication of the health, welfare and resilience of the animals on the farm.
Feed and input efficiency:
Indicates the feed type and source of the feed for animals on-farm, as well as the efficiency of protein conversion.
Captures nutrient management in relation to water and soil quality, biodiversity, productivity and crop health.
Inputs and Outputs:
Indicates the amount of key nutrients (N/P/K) that are used at a field level.
Indicates the efficient use of nutrients (uptake or loss) in relation to the production system.
This reflects the balance of key nutrients (N,P,K) in the
Energy & Resource Use
Identifies what energy is fueling the farm and how non organic materials are managed.
Energy sources and usage:
Indicates the amount of direct and indirect consumption of energy, its quality and efficient use. Also captures the human edible efficiency.
Indicates the amount of energy produced directly on the farm (not imported).
Material recycling, re-use and reduction:
Indicates the amount of non-organic material that is recycled, re-used or reduced on the farm.
Air & Climate
Captures direct and indirect emissions and carbon sequestration.
Emissions by source:
Net emissions on the farm that relate to each source (e.g. fuel, livestock, inputs) for all land uses (croplands, forest and grassland).
Removals and sequestration:
On-farm carbon removals and sequestration.
The degree to which the air in a particular place is pollution-free. Of particular importance on farms are Ammonia and Nitrous Oxide.
Captures water quality and management.
Captures source, availability and efficiency of water on the farm (mains, boreholes, ground, surface tanks, reservoirs, stored and grey water.)
Indicates the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of water running within the farm boundary.
Assesses the value of the water bodies for wildlife. This also captures freshwater biodiversity and includes the aquatic life and algae in the water.
Captures soil health in terms of structure, organic matter and soil biodiversity.
Soil organic matter:
Measures organic matter which enhances the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil.
Measures the solids and voids in the soil that indicates water holding capacity and infiltration rate. This affects root penetration, water availability and soil aeration and highlights how prone the soil is to erosion.
Captures the type and abundance of organisms in the soil. This reflects how balanced a soil is and how healthy the ecosystem below ground is for plants and nutrients.
Captures how goods are produced to indicate economic sustainability.
Captures the total yield of agricultural outputs at farm level for food and non-food products.
Indicates the financial health of the whole farm.
Reflects production within the carrying capacity of the landscape and ability to adapt to shocks and stresses.
The GFM is working with a coalition of over 50 partners, including farming and environment groups, certifiers, food companies, financial services, and government.
These are some of the organisations driving the conversation.Read more